With Ghana located at the center of the equator, it is important to promote and develop buildings which perform well under the intensity of the sun during the harmattan while staying dry and protected throughout the wet, rainy seasons.
Conventional methods of construction throughout the country favor the use of modular blocks for erecting building walls. The block creates a standard unit that can quickly be set to specification by skilled masons a course at a time until reaching the desired elevation and layout. While concrete block construction has become the preferred method of building in Ghana, research indicates that these blocks, often solid and massive, typically absorb more of the sun’s heat like stone and thus radiate it back into the buildings. By simply replacing the conventional cement blocks with Soil Blocks in your building project, you can begin to reap all the eco-benefits of a cooler, better-performing wall system while maintaining a familiar modular construction technique. Soil blocks (adobe blocks / compressed earth blocks/ land-crete/ mud blocks) are made with a mixture of clay soil (the orange/reddish clay that is common throughout Ghana) and sand, and are stabilized with cement or lime. These blocks can be molded by hand in small wooden boxes, manually with a light-duty two-man machine press, or with a medium-duty hydraulic machine press. After molding which are sun-dried.
>Please note conventional block construction methods utilize structurally-reinforced concrete foundations, columns, and lintel beam systems. Therefore, the structural integrity of the building system is independent of the infill wall systems used.
Compressed Earth Blocks manually molded in a "TEK BLOCK" PRESS.
These blocks are molded in a simple wooden form by hand.
Locally made Kiln-Dried Clay Bricks also--known as burnt bricks, red bricks, or fired bricks.